如何在交易中控制情绪,避免“惧怕错失机会(FOMO)”心态

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要点:

  • 情绪波动在所难免,懂得认知和管理情绪至关重要,以免影响交易操作。

  • 管理交易情绪的最佳方式是做好交易规划,且按照规划执行交易。

  • 对交易新手而言,模拟交易是无风险提升交易技能的绝佳途径。

如果不懂如何管理情绪,交易者很容易心浮气躁。 加密货币市场波动性异常高,经常会挑动FOMO情绪,导致恐慌抛售。  

预防情绪掌控交易的一大关键举措是制定交易计划和建立稳健的风险管理策略。 此外,交易者必须明白,市场往往反映出或受制于参与者的心理状态。

当市场情绪正向且价格持续上涨,就会出现看涨趋势,或是说牛市。但只要价格下跌,出现看跌趋势,或是熊市,悲观情绪就会笼罩市场。因此,谨慎规划,掌控自己的投资预期是成为成功交易者的关键。

市场周期心理学

传统市场波动不断,但是加密货币市场的剧烈波动性更是人尽皆知。这类新兴资产每天的价格走势猛烈,让人前所未见。股票或商品价格通常经过数年才会翻番,而加密货币资产获得100%的市价仅需短短几分钟时间。

如此动荡不定的价格行为让人难以把握适当的交易时机,掺杂上情绪因素更是难上加难。 因此,清晰了解市场周期心理学的14个阶段极其重要,这样才能意识到情绪如何左右交易。

  • 怀疑——历经长时下跌趋势或熊市之后,交易者倾向于无视进入牛市的第一波反弹,因为他们认为上升趋势无济于事。

  • 希望——当价格从低点大幅回升,交易者开始相信上升趋势可能会持续。

  • 乐观——随着价格走高,交易者对上升趋势的强度信心倍增。

  • 信任——交易者对持续上升的趋势心存信念并开始进入市场,期望价格继续飙升。

  • 激动——随着利润扩大,市场情绪转向看涨,交易者开始积极主动建仓。

  • 欣快——价格呈抛物线式上涨后,FOMO心态开始出现,交易者坚信上涨趋势会持续,自己还能赚到更多钱,绝对无往不利。

  • 自满——交易者通常将价格呈抛物线式上涨后的首次下滑误认为是价格创新高之前回笼流动性的短暂回撤。

  • 焦虑——随着价格继续下跌,没有出现重大反弹,交易者开始焦虑,忧心重重企盼上升迹象。

  • 否认——交易者成为长期持有者,因为他们坚信价格最终会逆风翻盘,利润收回指日可待。

  • 恐慌——价格持续直线暴跌后,交易者开始恐慌抛售持仓以减少损失,并动用部分资金抄底买入。

  • 投降——价格持续走跌,似乎已经无力回天,再次掀起交易者甚至长期持有者的又一波恐慌抛售。

  • 愤怒——对于没在市场上行时实现盈利,交易者感到难以置信,又因眼下的亏损变得无比愤怒。

  • 沮丧——所有希望荡然无存。交易者认为自己非常愚蠢,没能掌握好时机从市场全身而退,还妄想价格持续上涨。

  • 怀疑——历经长时下跌趋势或熊市之后,交易者倾向于无视进入牛市的第一波反弹,因为他们认为上升趋势无济于事。

所有市场参与者都会经历相同的情绪。因此,清晰掌握市场周期心理学的14个阶段是加密货币交易者走向成功的必经之路。

没有任何个人意见会占据绝对主导,但整体市场情绪驱动着金融市场的风云变幻。

市场上行时,交易者感受到“信任”、“乐观”、“激动”的情绪,通常在市场接近顶峰时,引发FOMO情绪出现。 因此,在获得可观收益后还能实现盈利十分关键。 交易者须在开始交易前设定切合实际的预期,并在达到预期时果断抽身,而不是持续追击止盈单。  

相反,交易者会在市场下行期间体会到“自满”、“焦虑”、“否认”的感受,从而导致市场近乎触底时的恐慌抛售。 为了避免此类交易行为,交易者须在开始交易前清晰认知自己的风险承受能力。 借助止损单有效防止巨额亏损,并在高概率交易设置显现苗头时伺机而动,进行下一笔交易。

有些最赚钱的交易者一般会使用多元化投资和平均成本法作为主要策略,以有效控制交易情绪。

多元化投资可让资金分散到不同市场领域的各种资产当中,以此降低个人风险。 当某种资产呈下跌趋势,其他资产可能会反向上行,以保证投资组合正常运转。

平均成本法是另一种热门策略,通过在某些价格水平投资设定金额,以有效降低风险敞口。 与一次性买卖相比,细水长流的投资能有效应对市场波动性,投资者能够降低风险敞口,并更有把握抓住“逢低买入”的机会。

结合这两种策略,并对驱动市场周期的情绪有充分了解,交易者即可坚守交易规划,及时实现盈利,从亏损交易中全身而退,并全面提升自己的交易技能。

避免FOMO心态和恐慌抛售

虽然FOMO心态和恐慌抛售在所难免,但学会管理情绪能防止情绪支配交易。

制定并坚持交易计划是最行之有效的办法,简单明了。 交易计划应囊括交易的条件类型设置,交易者的目标以及在每笔交易中愿意承受的风险程度。

做好交易日志,记录下交易者的一切动向,包括策略制定、风险管理、个人感受、以及操作流程的每一个步骤,都将有效预防FOMO情绪和恐慌抛售。交易日志能让交易者清晰看到过去犯过的错误,防止以后重蹈覆辙。越能事无巨细地记录自己的交易经历,就能更清晰地认知到如何赚钱和守住自己的腰包。

成功的交易者通常在交易前就对自己可能面对的盈亏了然于心。 他们会细致记录自己的成败经验,避免重蹈覆辙。

交易时会出现的许多情绪完全可以预见,但如果在经历当下浑然不觉,就很难对其加以管理。 如果过于乐观或对坚持自己的交易计划感到极度焦虑,交易者就应给自己敲响警钟。

在交易中实施稳健的风险管理策略必不可少。采取适当风控措施,交易者可减少亏损,防止血本无归。如果风险可控,就有机会在市场中盈利。

我们在交易时会面临各种市场状况:上涨、下跌甚至是盘整, 因此,市场动向完全不受掌控。 但我们可以控制风险,在有利于个人交易方法与风格的市场条件下,决定交易的方式与时机。

负责任交易是指全面掌控自己的交易并对个人行为负责。负责任交易要求我们根据自己的财力交易资金,不得超过自己所能承受的损失。

同样,不要让社交媒体左右我们的交易,特别是加密货币相关的Twitter。无论是确认偏误还是共同恐慌,社交媒体都会极大地影响个人情绪。尽量选择可靠的信息来源,例如币安合约聊天室,资深交易者会在当中分享新闻、策略以及市场交易心得。

在交易前磨砺技能

模拟交易是交易者建立策略信心的绝佳途径。币安合约提供测试网环境,帮助交易者无风险提高交易技能。

投资者按照自己的节奏交易,测试多种策略,无需承担任何资金风险。 当认为自己已经准备就绪,即可轻松切换到真实交易,在顶尖加密货币衍生品交易平台使用熟悉的工具,享受顺畅交易。

我们还提供币安学院。平台汇聚海量交易知识,供希望详细了解加密货币交易的大众使用。

免责声明:加密货币资产属于波动性产品,具有快速亏损的高风险,价格随时会出现大幅波动。这种价格波动随时牵动交易者所持资产的价值暴涨暴跌,还可能导致交易投资血本无归。

因此,请勿交易或投资您无法承受损失的资金。在决定交易前,根据您的财力、经验水平以及风险偏好,请务必充分了解所涉及的风险,这点至关重要。如有需要,您应向第三方独立财务顾问寻求意见。您的实际回报与损失将取决于许多因素,包括但不限于市场行为、市场走势以及您的交易规模。过往表现并非未来表现的指南。您的投资价值可能会上升或下降。欲知详情,点击此处。

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